OVERVIEW BY COUNTRIES

Travel Guide with beautiful photos and exciting descriptions of the most amazing and unique places in Baltic states and Europe.


Riga aerials taken from Northern part of centre - an area between Antonijas street and Strelnieku street. Here closer views opens to "silent centre" prestige area but farther almost all the main landmarks of Old Town and centre are seen in one composition. The perimetrical street plan of historical quarters in "mid-centre" area also marks itself clearly. To the Eastern side, Skonto stadium and Skanste new developing area with it's modern buildings can be seen.
Travel Guide with beautiful photos and exciting descriptions of the most amazing and unique places in Baltic states and Europe.

As one of the largest and the most dense city in Europe, and being so rich in history and culture, Paris is the real paradise for urban explorers and photographers - it offers numerous architecture masterpieces and countless interesting cityscapes. Several days are needed just to visit all the top-places but there are so many more undiscovered gems in Paris that you can visit the city each time as the first.

The beauty or the beast?

MAIN FACTS
POPULATION 2,140,526 (2019)
AREA 105 sq. km
TOURISTS 24 MIO (2018)
FOUNDED 3rd Century B.C.E.
ARCHITECTURE Gothic, Classicism, Renaissance, Hausmann
RATING (9,7/10)
Paris has earned rather negative, even scary image in the world media lately. The city has became one of the epicentres of dreadful news related to terrorism acts, migrant crysis, violent protests such as "the yellow vests" movement. When listening to all these news one can start to wonder whether Paris is still "the city of light", "the city of love"? Or maybe the beauty has started to turn into a monster? 

Paris is a very multicultural city. Lower qualification jobs are served almost only by immigrant workers (but that's a common sight in almost any larger Western, Northern or Southern European city). Also in the residential districts of suburbs there lives almost only immigrants. One can observe
Eiffel tower
Souvenir seller with toy Eiffel towers and the real one in  the moment of 20 000 LED lights show; two soldiers patrols the street near by
it already on the way from Charles De Gaulle airport to city centre, just if he choses not the RER express train but 350th or 351th bus which travels through Paris suburbs for more than hour and a half.

The most unpleasant experiences in Paris with locals are related to those obtrusive people who tries to cheat tourists in one way or another. They have grown in numbers in recent years very considerably. The same goes for beggars who are much more in Paris now than ten years ago. And they sleeps on the mattresses in the middle of pavements or even next to the crossing of large streets - and it seems noone even cares about it. Hard to say - is it the result of economic crysis or migrant crysis (or both) - but that's one face of Paris which has really turned more ugly.

The fears of terrorism in Paris isn't too noticeable anymore. The emergency which lasted for 2 years has been canceled and only at the Eiffel tower there were some intensified care of social safety visible - in the form of two armed men with machine guns.

Also the statistics shows that Paris image has overcame the troubles of terrorism. After the dreadful events of 2015, the city's tourist numbers shrinked in the next years, but in 2018 they returned to a record high threshold - more than 24 million tourists stayed overnight in city's hotels, hostels and other accomodation places.

Also the impact of "the yellow vests" is overstated - actually a usual tourist most likely won't even notice their presence in the city (even if the protests happens somewhere). It's true that Paris is actually so large city that such an incidents just vanishes there - one has to specially search for these protest events if he wishes so but it's unlikely to get in there by chance. So, the impression that there is a huge, overwhelming disorder in Paris, is created just by mass media, it has nothing to do with reality. It's just like a few small, black dots on the large piece of white canvas - when we see it in TV, it's everything we focus on and everything we associate with Paris (or any other place) at that moment.

Hausmann's city

The overall urban area of Paris is huge - when taking off from Charles De Gaulle airport runway at night, the sea of city's orange lights fills up the panorama almost until the horizon. Paris is an untypical city in teritorial sense - it has chosen to remain administratively divided. Only the very central, historical core of Paris is officially considered as the city administrative area. It stretches about eleven kilometres in Western-Eastern and nine kilometres in Northern-Southern direction and there lives about 2 million people. But the whole continuosly built-up area where lives another 10 million officially isn't a part of Paris - even not it's central business district La Defense which has become Europe's largest single skyscraper cluster, surpassing Frankfurt and London analogues.


View to Hausmann quarters in Central Paris from the rooftop of Printemps department store 

The backbone of Paris architecture, of course, is Hausmann apartment blocks built from the middle of 19th Century. Those seemingly endless quarters with their architectural elegance but also monotonity can be both fascinating and boring (it depends on the observer's mood). In just a few places a remains of medieval Paris can be seen and that provokes a question - how would Paris look today if Napoleon III would have ordered his city planner, baron George Eugene Hausmann to build his new boulevards in a new, empty areas, not in the place of old medieval quarters? Then Paris historical architecture heritage would be even more diverse and valuable - alongside the new Hausmann buildings there would be preserved also one of the largest European medieval cities. Today one could feel temptation to condemn Napoleon III and Hausmann for the demolition of Middle Ages part of Paris however one must remember that back in the 19th Century it seemed like a best solution - the "old" Paris has became overpopulated, dirty, dangerous and infected with diseases but the term "preservation of historical heritage" wasn't invented yet.


Paris rooftops in blue hour. Also newer architecture tries to fit in between Hausmann style buildings


Wide pavements in Paris where there is enough room for both metro entrance and outdoor cafe tables

Hausmann's modernization of Paris ensures the handy functioning of the city still today. The boulevards are so wide that there is enough space for cars, walkers, trees, outdoor cafes, metro entrances, monuments, lanterns, poster poles, vintage style kiosks and all the other cityscape elements which are so characteristic to Paris. The widest streets (it seems they're built later than in Hausmann's era though) has even a separate traffic lanes for deliveries, parking and other practical functions, sometimes also pedestrians walks on these lanes. It has to be added that pedestrians in Paris doesn't respect traffic rules much - if there is no car near by, many of them easily cross the street when the red light is on. Sometimes it creates dangerous situations. The patience of Paris car drivers is remarkable - they usually even doesn't signalize in these cases.


View to the axis of three arches from Louvre museum

In terms of bicycle roads, Paris isn't exactly Amsterdam or Copenhagen, but they can be seen quite often. The same can't be said about the cyclists themselves (at least not in the winter season). Probably the "blame" for that can be put to metro system which is a very well developed and handy way to commute in Paris. The trains runs so often (every 3-5 minutes) that the waiting time is almost non-existent - when you're on the platform, the train is already there or approaching very soon, so even in ten million city the metro wagons are rarely overcrowded.

Paris from above

The only option to visually comprehend the scale of Paris is to visit it's observation points and see the city from above. Paris is rather flat city but there are several sightseeing platforms in the buildings all around the city. The most famous one, of course, is the Eiffel Tower. However it's very overcrowded and in cold and windy weather it could be hard to stay up there. Better alternative to Eiffel tower is the 210 metres high Monparnasse tower, located just about kilometer away. There are much less people, ticket price is a bit less expensive, it's convenient in any weather because there are glass walls around the top platform (but with a specially designed "windows" for taking unobstructed photos) and a few floors lower also a restaurant floor where to warm up and enjoy some meal. Finally, from Monparnasse tower one can enjoy Paris panorama with the Eiffel tower included in it, while from the Eiffel tower itself that, of course, isn't possible...


View from Monparnasse tower observation platform towards Eiffel tower

Two cost-free options to see the Paris centre rooftops skyline is from the roofs of famous department stores Galeries Lafayette and Printemps. In Galeries Lafayette the interior is also worth to see - posh, golden atrium (with an interesting admission free attraction on the 4th floor - a glass walkway high above the shopping hall of the first floor). Both roofs offers views to southern side of Paris - too bad the access to views to northern side is closed, so also the hill of Montmartre is left outside the views. Of course, the Montmartre hill itself is another option to see Paris from above (as well as the observation platform of the cathedral of Sacre Coeur).


Galeries Lafayette posh atrium looks like a shopping temple 

Probably many people even doesn't realize that also the Triumph Arc offers the possibility to see Paris from it's 50 metres height. The view there is great - over Champs De Elysees and all other 11 wide boulevards which access the arc. One can just wonder how the Indian-style traffic in the ring at the bottom of the arc doesn't end up with an accident in every five minutes. The Eiffel tower is greatly visible and also the mighty skyline of La Defense - Paris central business district - isn't far from there.



Views from Triumph Arc - Champs De Elysees in the upper photo, view to Eiffel tower side in the second

It would be of no use to describe the most famous landmarks and places of Paris here - who doesn't know the Eiffel tower, Notre Dame Cathedral, Triumph Arc, Louvre, Sacre Coeur, etc.?  But perhaps not all people knows about some less popular - but no less interesting sights.

One of such places is "La Promenade Plantee" - unusual model of urban landscape design and great example of how abandoned and degraded transport infrastructure areas can be turned into splendid green zones. Back in the middle of 90ies, four and a half kilometres long promenade was installed in the place of old railway line (it was built in 1859 but stayed unused since 1969). Here pedestrian and bicycle paths have been made, various flowers, bushes and trees planted. Part of the promenade have been lifted above street level which means interesting view perspectives to the city. Even at the end of January this was a beautiful place to walk, it surely must be even more beautiful in spring, summer and autumn. By the way, "La Promenade Plantee" have inspired city planners also elsewhere in the world - in 2009, a similar achievement was completed in New York by reconstructing historical "High Line" railway.

La Promenade Plantee

Did you knew that there is a precise, just a smaller copy of New York's Liberty statue in Paris? Well, actually there are even several of them but the most significant one is located at the Pont De Grenelle bridge. It was set up in 1889 - just three years after the original statue in New York was opened, which, as known, was a gift to USA from France. So, American community in Paris "revenged" by presenting the Parisians 4 times smaller (12 metres high) copy. The statue is located on once artificially made Ile aux Cygnes (The island of Swan), and it can be seen in the composition together with the Eiffel tower.


Statue of Liberty in Paris, at Pont De Grenelle bridge

Lovers of architecture will appreciate the unordinary Cinémathèque Française building, designed by Frank O Gehry. It's located in Bercy district and is another tie between Paris and USA. Initially this building (it was built in the middle of 90ies) was used by American Centre of Paris which main task was to promote the American culture in France. Soon the centre faced financial troubles and it became difficult to maintain the building, thus it was forced to sell it to the government of France. Ministry of Culture established a cinema museum here (with one of largest collections of movies and cinema related items in the world), it also works as a cinema.


Cinémathèque Française building, an impressive postmodernism architecture by Frank O. Gehry

Paris is blessed with a bit of Art Nouveau touch too. In the whole city, there are quite many examples of this magnificent architecture style but it's really hard to just bump into it accidentally - no, the visiting of Art Nouveau in Paris has to be planned beforehand. Some of the most impressive Art Nouveau buildings in Paris is to be found not far from Eiffel tower - in the 7th district. The Master of this genre in Paris was Jules Lavirotte who designed imaginative and weird buildings with expressive human, animal and plant motifs. But the very first Art Nouveau apartment building in Paris was Castel Beranger, the architect is another "Father of Art Nouveau in France" - Hector Guimard. Also Gare De Lyon train station with it's clock tower belongs to Art Nouveau style. 

The first Art Nouveau apartment building in Paris - Castel Beranger

Pont De Bir-Hakeim bridge has became one of the most popular places in Paris to take wedding photo sessions. This unusual and scenic bridge of Industrial revolution times which consists of two levels (the upper deck is for metro trains, the lower one - for cars and pedestrians) became especially famous after appearing in science fiction movie "Inception" with Leonardo Di Caprio in the main role. In just 5 minutes, by crossing the bridge, three wedding pairs were photographed there. Also the entrance to Pont De Bir-Hakeim in Passy district side is visually interesting - there are mighty historical apartment houses with round corner towers on both sides of the bridge.


Pont De Bir-Hakeim, one of most scenic Paris bridges

A little bit out of the official Paris borders, in the Vincennes town (well, basically just another city district) an impressive medieval castle with imposing tower can be found - it's Chateau de Vincennes. This fortress was built in 14th Century for the French galm. Only a part of the original complex has been preserved but it still looks harmonious and completed. Vincennes castle is another proof of the oversaturated and very selectively advertised historical heritage of Paris - while the famous landmarks are being visited by millions of tourists, just a few travelers can be seen here.


Vincennes castle

Paris neighborhoods are very diverse and each with it's own charm but if Photoplaces had to choose the one most wonderful area in Paris then it would be Montmartre. It's just the most distinctive - the neighborhood occupies the hill, the architecture here is different (mostly smaller, older houses) and it feels rather like a small town/village than huge metropolis. The atmosphere in Montmartre is cosy, artistic and - at times when the tourist hordes are absent like in a rainy winter evening - also calmful. Completely different energy dominates just a bit downhill in neighbouring Pigalle - Paris historical red lights district, where one can observe and feel a bit sinful party atmosphere. Paris central quarters, from Louvre area to Champs Elysees are filled with glamour and elegance, other parts of the city (like the area around Gare De Lyon, Monparnasse tower, etc.) emits stone-cold and a bit depressive authority with massive and huge (either horizontally or vertically) modernism era buildings. Huge buildings are packed even more densely in La Defense quarter but there atmosphere is different - more light, progressive and optimistic, of course, also businesslike, hasty and dynamic.


Cosy small town feeling and observation point perspectives in Montmartre neighborhood


Pigalle area and the legendary Moulin Rouge


Perfection of symmetry, elegance and monotony in central districts


A rare observer looking at the dynamic life pace in La Defense business district


Paris has it's own share of 60ies city planning mistakes. This is area next to Gare de Lyon

Of course, there is much more to visit and explore in Paris than this overview was able to touch. Paris is almost inexhaustible urban treasury which can be digged, digged, digged. More places worth to visit you can see in the interactive map below the article. Both the described list and the map will be supplemented after the next time when PhotoPlaces.eu visits Paris.



INTERACTIVE MAP OF PARIS PHOTO PLACES


Travel Guide with beautiful photos and exciting descriptions of the most amazing and unique places in Baltic states and Europe.


"What an interesting place to build a medieval castle - in a narrow peninsula at the lake" - a foreigner may think when first time seeing Koknese castle ruins. Actually he would be misled. Firstly, the waters surrounding the castle ruins isn't a lake - it's Latvia's largest river Daugava (called also the "river of fate"). Secondly, the castle ruins weren't always like this - in front of the water. Just around half century ago they were on the top of a high hill - just like almost any other "normal" medieval castles/castle ruins. So, what's happened before those ~50 years?

MAIN FACTS
LOCATION Latvia, Koknese parish
ARCHITECTURE Gothic
BUILT 1209
ABANDONED 1701
RATING (8,3/10)

The rise and fall of Koknese castle

Koknese castle was one of the first and most important fortresses of crusader invaders - it was started to build by Bishop Albert already in 1209, so just a bit after the Riga castle. Koknese back then was an important trading city - a bit later it also became a member of Hanseatic League. Koknese castle turned into a hot spot of neverending power struggle between Riga Archbishops and Livonian Order - the Order several times overtook the castle and locked in the Archbishop and here. The eclipse of the castle (and also of Koknese town itself) started at the end of 17th Century, after the Polish-Swedish wars when the castle were conquered several times. Finally, in 1701, the two of five towers of the castle were blown up by Saxons who left the castle after their army lost the battle against Swedes in Spilve meadows (next to Riga). Since then the castle is uninhabited. It became a popular tourism object at the end of 19th Century. 

The attack of... engineering progress

Since the invention of electricity, the mighty flow of Daugava river was seen as the great source of energy. The first hydro electric power plant on it's water was built already in first independence time of Latvia - in 1930ies at Ķegums town. The Soviet power drawn up their own plans and in 1966 they built the second hydro electric power plant - Pļaviņas HES - at Aizkraukle town which is located some 10 km downstream from Koknese castle ruins. Pļaviņas HES is still the second most powerful hydro electric power plant in European Union and it's produced power lets Latvia to be one of the "greenest" (one of most provided by renewable energy resources) countries in EU - but sadly it's construction costed many beautiful natural and cultural values such as Daugava canyon and it's cliffs on the river banks. Koknese castle ruins barely escaped the flooding - the water level rised more than 30 metres here and stopped right at the bottom of the ruins. However, the foundations of the castle were flooded and the water started to rinse them out. That's why the underwater conservation works were started here in 90ies - the foundations were strengthened with reinforced concrete. 

Charmful place still today 

Nowadays Koknese castle ruins functions as one of the popular tourist destinations in Latvia. The beautiful landscape around the castle ruins attracts water travelers and the castle ruins is also a popular spot for wedding photo sessions. Just around kilometer farther there is being gradually developed a new, large, symbolic park of national importance on the island of Daugava - called "Likteņdārzs" ("The Garden of Fate").     

Travel Guide with beautiful photos and exciting descriptions of the most amazing and unique places in Baltic states and Europe.
A fire of Notre Dame De Paris cathedral on the evening of 15th April 2019, showed how important a famous landmark can be - millions of people followed the unfolding event, world's largest television networks translated uninterrupted reportage for hours. Of course, it was sad to see this beautiful cathedral burning, especially the moment when it's spire fell down... Here a photo from this year's February - Notre Dame from Montparnasse tower, touched by the evening sunlight rays. I wish it to recover (by reconstruction) as fast as possible!
Travel Guide with beautiful photos and exciting descriptions of the most amazing and unique places in Baltic states and Europe.
Small Liepa village, located between Cesis and Valmiera towns, could be named as the "capital of cliffs in Latvia". There is not only the easily approachable, well known and interesting cliffs of Liela Ellite (Lielā Ellīte) but a few kilometers further also probably most diverse, unusual and one of the most impressive looking cliffs in Latvia - Licu-Langu cliffs.
MAIN FACTS
LOCATION Latvia, Priekuli county
HEIGHT 30 M
LENGTH 1000 M
CLIFF TYPE Sandstone
AGE 300 MIO YEARS
RATING (8,2/10)

A walk in the forest

Most cliffs in Latvia are exposed right at the river banks but Licu-Langu cliffs hides inside the forest, about half kilometer away from the Gauja river. In order to reach Licu-Langu cliffs, one has to take about 2 km walk from car parking place in Liepa village. At first the path leads alongside the industrial area of Lode brick factory - this area is interesting and worth-to-see for itself due to unusually colored soil of it's quarry. Then one has to walk through the forest, following the signs, later going downhill (steps are installed there). Below there is a nature trail which leads alongside the cliffs - they're not only in one place but stretched in about a kilometer long distance. This is a beautiful place for active leisure in nature. It requires some physical strength but at the same time it's not too hard - the place has became quite popular and it's not a wild walk anymore, the path is built and it's walkable for an average tourist.

Photographer's dream

Visually Licu-Langu cliffs, as it seems, could fit to everyone's taste. For those whom the scale is the most important thing, they offers until 30 metres high, sleek "walls". For those who enjoys complex and unusual structures, they reveals peculiar ravines, caves, niches, saliences... It's a photographers paradise which offers countless creative options to frame and compose. No wonder that also professional photographers have started to use this place as a setting for their model photo sessions. It's interesting that adventurous people have visited the cliffs long time ago, and exactly like today's visitors, have left their inscriptions on them. In contrast to inscriptions of later times, the oldest ones which are dated with year 1841 are considered to be historically valuable and preservable.

Caves - beautiful but dangerous 

Interesting geological processes are also going on here. The caves and ravines in Licu-Langu cliffs are created by many sources which flows through the cliffs. These springs are very rich with iron and other minerals, and some of the (lower) caves has very interesting colors inside. However it's dangerous to visit them because the caves are unstable - one has already collapsed due to erosion processes.  

Travel Guide with beautiful photos and exciting descriptions of the most amazing and unique places in Baltic states and Europe.


Photo gallery of Bauska, a historical town at the mouth of three rivers, located in southern Latvia, 60 km from Riga. It's main attraction (apart from the unique nature setting) is medieval/renaissance castle, located on a hillfort on the peninsula between Musa and Memele rivers. There is also an Old Town, located at the town's lower part (down hill) with wooden and masonry buildings from 17th-19th Century. Townhall building has been rebuilt in 2011.

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Travel Guide with beautiful photos and exciting descriptions of the most amazing and unique places in Baltic states and Europe.
Riga city is divided in two parts, separated by river Daugava. On the right bank of the river, the city's historical core lies with Old Town's church spires close to the waterfront. On the other bank a developing district of modern buildings as 21st Century answer to the Middle Ages. This combination has a "killer" potential - but Riga needs more investments in quality development.